For those directly or indirectly affected by service connected  PTSD-TBI there are a variety of foreign studies available that are applicable to us because many are from our allies who deployed in Iraq and Afghanistan and earlier in Vietnam such as U.K. and Australia.*

There are no surprises that the incidences of military related PTSD can be much higher than in the general public,  a  counter argument that is often made.. Personally, Vietnam era Vets were somehow obligated by the V.A. to report symptoms when most were oblivious to the source and military-veteran suicides were not counted until 2000.The maladies PTSD-TBI never made it into the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) until the 1990’s at the earliest. It is my hope we stay informed and do not let any more time lapse in receiving the assistance that is deserved. Even as the amputees and others of the Gulf Wars age they will experience new challenges even as we did.

*The 1975 Department of the Army publication Allied Participation in Vietnam, by Generals Robert Larsen and James Lawton Collins Jr. adds:

More than forty nations provided assistance to the Republic of Vietnam in its struggle against North Vietnam. This aid ranged from economic and technical assistance to educational and humanitarian contributions. Hundreds of Free World civilians worked in Vietnam as doctors, teachers, and technical specialists. Eight nations also provided military assistance. The flags of these Free World countries—the United States, the Republic of Korea, Thailand, Australia, New Zealand, the Philippines, the Republic of China, and Spain—flew alongside the colors of the Republic of Vietnam at the headquarters of the Free World Military Assistance Forces in Saigon…

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